Der Besuch der indischen Gäste am FRG Ebern stand unter dem Themenbereich "Umweltschutz am Beispiel einer deutschen Schule und ihres Umfeldes".
Bei den zahlreichen Unterrichtsbesuchen lernten die indischen Schüler, wie die Abfallwirtschaft in der Schule funktioniert. So gibt es in jedem Klassenzimmer zwei Plastikkübel. In den ersten Kübel wird nur anfallendes Papier (alte Hefte, Einzelblätter, etc) und in den zweiten Kübel nur Plastikmüll gesammelt. An jedem Freitagvormittag muss die Klasse ihren Abfall zu den großen Sammelcontainern tragen, die in einer Ecke des Schulhofes aufgestellt sind und dort hinein entsorgen. Die deutschen Kinder erhalten so einen Überblick, wie viel Abfall in ihrer Klasse in einer Woche anfällt und werden zu einem vernünftigen Umgang mit den kostbaren Ressourcen erzogen. Organischer Müll, Obstreste und Obstschalen fallen nur in den Pausen an und werden in der Pausenhall in gesonderten Behältern mit Deckel entsorgt. Ein zusätzliches Lernziel ist die Müllvermeidung in der Schule. Deshalb werden die Schüler angehalten, ihre Pausenbrote in einer Box von zuhause mitzubringen. Die Box wird das ganze Jahr über verwendet und es fällt kein Einpackpapier an. Das gleiche gilt für ihre Getränke. Entweder sie bringen Getränke in ihrer eigenen Trinkflasche mit, oder sie können sich ein Getränk am Automaten kaufen. Dieser Kauf beinhaltet 0,50? Flaschenpfand, so dass alle Schüler ihre Flaschen in den Platikschredder zurückbringen, um ihr Pfandgeld zu erhalten. An der Schule werden seit vielen Jahren keine zuckerhaltigen Getränke und kein Coca Cola mehr angeboten, sondern ausschließlich Mineralwasser in Plastikflaschen, um Scherben und Schnittverletzungen in den Pausen zu vermeiden.
Auch im Umgang mit Kreide wird äußerst sparsam umgegangen. Jede Lehrkraft besitzt eine Kreidebox, die sie im Lehrerzimmer selbst auffüllen muss. So wird die Verschwendung von Kreide und die Verunreinigung in den Klassenzimmern durch Schülermissbrauch unterbunden und die Umwelt geschont, denn Kreidestaub löst Allergien aus.
In den Mittagspausen waren die indischen Schülerinnen und Schüler nebst ihrer Lehrkräfte immer in der schuleigenen Mensa eingeladen. Das reichliche Essen wird frisch zubereitet von einem ortsansässigen Caterer in wenigen Minuten schnell angeliefert. Jeder Schüler bestimmt selbst, wie viel Beilagen, Fleisch oder Nachspeisen er möchte, um den Speiseabfall und die Entsorgungskosten so gering wie möglich zu halten. Zwei Frauen überwachen die Ausgabe. Die Entsorgung der Speisenabfälle wird durch die Schüler selbst durchgeführt. Sie müssen ihren Teller an einer Plastiklippe in einen Edelstahlcontainer abstreifen und anschließend in einer Spülkiste stapeln, ehe sie ihr Besteck in einen gesonderten Behälter werfen.
So werden sie alle zu einem bewussten Umgang mit den Nahrungsmitteln erzogen. Aus hygienischen Gründen muss der Caterer die Speisereste entsorgen und Geschirr und Besteck in einer Bandspülmaschine reinigen. In der Mensa kann jeder Schüler seinen Durst an einem Brunnen mit vitalisiertem Wasser kostenlos stillen.
Am Freitag sahen die indischen Gäste auch noch die Schulreinigung, die in jeder Woche von einer bestimmten Klasse in 45 Minuten durchgeführt werden muss. Dazu gehört die Papiersammlung in den öffentlich genutzten Räumen der Schule ebenso, wie das Auflesen von Müll im Schulhof mit Spezialgeräten. Auf diesem Weg lernen deutsche Schüler, dass sie den Müll selber entsorgen müssen, welche Mengen in einer Woche in einer Schule anfallen können und auf welchem Weg die Müllfraktionen getrennt entsorgt werden. Die indischen Gäste waren von unserem System sehr beeindruckt.
Als Höhepunkt der Thematik besuchten wir die Abfallentsorgungsanlage des Kreisabfallzentrum in Wonfurt an einem Nachmittag von 14.-17.00 Uhr und konnten uns vor Ort durch einen sehr guten Vortrag des Leiters, als auch durch einen Gang durch die verschiedenen Abfallgebiete persönlich mit der Thematik hautnah auseinandersetzen. Wir besichtigten gemeinsam folgende Stationen:
Der Leiter, Herr Aust zeigt uns alle Abfallarten und erklärte die Problematik ihrer Entsorgung.
Obwohl es sehr unangenehm auf dieser Anlage riecht, hielten die indischen Gäste tapfer durch, machten viele Fotos und waren am Ende überzeugt, dass in Deutschland die erfolgreichste Müllerfassung und -verwertung der Welt stattfindet.
Die Abgabemöglichkeiten am Wertstoffhof sind auf einer Kopie zusammengefasst.
Die Schüler stellten aus ihren Fotoaufnahmen ein ?Sperrmüll-ABC? zusammen, das erläutert, was alles von einem Haushalt als Sperrmüll abgegeben werden kann.
Bei einem Ausflug nach Bamberg fiel den indischen Gästen besonders auf, wie sauber und gepflegt das Unesco-Kulturerbe ist und dass im Gegensatz zu südindischen Städten kein Müll auf den Straßen liegt. Auch die Vielzahl von Abfallkörben in der Stadt, mehr noch aber auch deren Nutzung, wurde sehr positiv erwähnt.
In einer Woche hatten unsere Gäste die Möglichkeit sich über die Abfallentsorgung am Friedrich-Rückert-Gymnasium und seiner Region ausführlich kundig zu machen. Nun waren die deutschen Schüler gespannt, welche Situation sie wohl in Südindien an der Partnerschule vorfinden werden.
Dr. Kilian Popp (Schulleiter)
Our exchange program gave us the chance to gain a lot of impressions of India's scenery and culture. The start of our adventurous trip was on Saturday, 31st October.
When we arrived in this amazing country on Sunday morning, we were welcomed at Trivandrum International airport in such a friendly way. Compared to the everyday life in India, living in the hostel was very well organized. It was a good opportunity for our whole group to relax from the exciting journey for example the one on our first day. We went to the Palace of RJ, visited an art gallery and went to a crafts market to get some kind of first impression of India.
On our second and third day, we had the chance to go shopping and buy some typical gifts for our families and friends back home in Germany. Furthermore we went to a social institution with a pottery and a small shop for supporting the poor people who live there. The head of the organisation has got enough money to help poor people ? old and young alike as well as ill and homeless people. As a consequence, many people look up to him. In this little village, we visited our first temple which was really amazing for our group, especially for the boys because only they were allowed to take a look at it. In the evening, we watched a Kathakali dancing performance.
On Wednesday, the Indian students took us to elementary schools for poor children, and it was a great experience for us to see how happy the little students were when we gave them small presents. In the afternoon, we went to the beach near Varkala to relax a little bit.
On Thursday, we learnt more about stars and planets at a planetarium before having a typical Indian lunch on a banana leaf. We used our right hand to eat which was an altogether new experience for us.
We spent the weekend in our host families to gain some deeper insight into the everyday life of Indian people.
On Sunday afternoon, we started our one- week- trip to the east coast of South India. We visited a lot of different cities like Ponticherry, Madurai and Mahamalipuram.
We were also confronted with a couple of problems India still has. We divided our big group into smaller ones and every group was assigned a topic on which they should do some research work during our stay. In the following, you can read about their findings.
Philipp Jäger, Lena Schneider, Verena Mahr
Beside our tourist and visitors' programme we were confronted with a lot of practical problems of every day life in a developing country. One of the most amazing facts was the Indian way of handling and dealing with its water.
In our first week, which we spent in Trivandrum International School, we became aware that their sewage and water systems are not comparable to the German ones.
We were confronted with this problem, whenever our toilet flush or shower did not work. Moreover, there was sometimes no hot water. Another experience was the washing of our dirty clothes which we couldn't do in washing machines. We had to use water tanks in our rooms.
The drinking water was delivered to school in 20-liter-canisters, from which we filled our metal cups. In addition the water at school was not cooled. We also learnt that Indians clean their whole face before having a meal, not just their hands.
In India there are monsoon rains between September and October. During this time, it rains for many days without any break. But the Indian rain is not like the European one. It is something different. It causes serious floods every year during or after this monsoon period. So regularly a lot of Indians lose their homes or even die. The next problem is that many people cannot get any help so they often fall victim to poverty.
In India there are big reservoirs from which the water is transported to the fields by moats. In the villages, the water comes from standpipes and is cleaner than in the reservoirs.
But you have to boil both before drinking it. The garbage is dumped into streams or thrown into the streets. All of India's fourteen major river systems are heavily polluted, mostly from the 50 million cubic meters of untreated sewage discharged into them each year.
We found it amazing that many people wash with the dirty water in the rivers and that this is even part of a religious ceremony!
During their cleaning process, women have to wear their clothes. It would be very impolite for them not to wear any. One of the most popular rivers for these ceremonies is the Ganges. It is the biggest river in India. Regardless of these religious traditions, all the dirty water flows into the sea. We learnt all this through our every day routines, but we also had a special water project on which we worked during the whole exchange. So we were informed that in most cities the waste water system exists only for half the city. In the other half of the city, people have no access to the waste water system at all. So they pour their sewage into the streets which causes a bad smell. India gets more and more problems with its waste water systems and so they will have to find a solution to this problem very soon.
Adrian Dauses, Marius Thomas, Janosch Sauerbrey, Tobias Just, Christoph Gießel
While we were staying in India we learned a lot about the air there. If you compare the Indian air and the air in Germany, you will recognize a lot of differences, for example the air in Germany is cleaner and fresher because in India there is much more traffic and there are older cars which pollute the air.
However, there are other reasons for air pollution. There is a lot of trash in most cities and in the evening, many inhabitants make a pile of rubbish and then they set fire to it: this smells really bad and the air gets dirtier and dirtier!
In India, there are many factories, for example power stations which destroy the environment there. This includes all the trees and flowers because of the toxic exhaust fumes which the factories constantly produce.
In India, there are many animals like cows, dogs, monkeys, cats and goats which make the roads dirty with their excrements. And that also means it smells really bad. But not only the animals also the people who live in the country often use the streets and roads as their toilets. All this results in the following:
We hope, that you enjoyed reading our text about the air in India.
We also hope, that the people in India will pay more attention to their air and the environment in the future.
by Stefanie Zettelmeier, Hannah Wilhelm, Hannes Mittelberger and Desirée Dünninger
India is with over 1,1 Billions inhabitants one of the most populated countries of the world. Also it?s a really poor country with a fast growing industry. This causes an underdeveloped infrastructure and a big problem with the exploding quantity of rubbish.
So the Indians have all a missing sense of responsibility and we saw people who throw their trash out of the car window while they were driving around. One also told me to throw a used handkerchief on the ground because there was no garbage pail.
The rubbish in nearly everywhere. Not only in some of the streets like in Germany but also in the Indian houses, stores, playgrounds or at school. Also the trash is a big problem for the health of the Indian population. It attracts rats too, and there are many people who live in the street and in the middle of all the garbage.
The rubbish also makes the water dirty. So it?s not good to drink the tap water. You have to drink the water in bottles and without a garbage pail you have to throw it in the street. This causes much trash and this makes the water more dirty. So it?s a circle.
The next important thing against the trash is the hard smelling. At some places no German tourist can go through without stopping to breath. It?s hard for people that aren?t used to trash and its smelling. But the Indians are all used to it, children the same way like elderly people. When you compare Germany with India, there's a giant difference. In India, there are nearly no garbage disposals or garbage pails. In Germany this would never work. Weakly the garbage disposal comes and there are many garbage pails.
But the rubbish is also important: Many beggars have to eat the food that other people throw away. They have to hope that they will be faster than the dogs. Some children work hard on huge garbage mountains, so they will get some money to buy something to eat. Their whole childhood they breath the gases of the rubbish and get ill and die early. Some other children make toys out of the trash. This is really exciting. What wonderful things they make out of rubbish!
Actually we expected that, when we arrived in India at 3 am, nobody would be there and the streets would be silent. So we were a little bit shocked by the hundreds of people who were waiting in front of the airport. Not only the crowd in the middle of the night was strange for us, also the cars and busses which filled the streets were amazing. On our way to Trivandrum International School it seemed like half of the city was awake. It really was a relaxation to arrive at the hostel where we were welcomed by a pleasant silence. Especially in the first night, many German pupils were disturbed by the sound of the ventilators. But we got used to that after a short while.
It seemed like we were sleeping just five minutes when some of us woke up because of the muezzin's prayer. Anyway, the rest of us was woken by the loud school bell which rang at 6.30 am.
Iin the cafeteria where we got our breakfast the atmosphere was typically Indian, too ? simply loud! That was because of the sound of the fifty fans on the ceiling, the rattle of the dinnerware and the students who talked to each other and disarranged their chairs. All these things were amplified by the echo.
After breakfast we visited the classes of our exchange partners. They were talking all the time and they did nott have to raise their hands when they wanted to answer a question. If it was that loud in a German school, the teachers would be complaining the whole day!
At lunch it was much louder in the cafeteria than it was at breakfast time because all students of the school had their lunch there.
Then we went into the city of Trivandrum. Although our school bus was a rather new one, it was terribly loud so that you could hardly understand each other. When talking about noise in India, one cannot do so without thinking of and mentioning the traffic. The loudest things in Indian streets are the horns being of cars, busses and trucks being honked more or less all the time. Indian drivers honk their horns like mad: always and in each situation!
When we got out of the bus we were surrounded by a lot of salesmen. All of them tried to make us buy their souvenirs by shouting after us, thus trying to persuade us to make a bargain. Most of us ignored them and we walked into a big store. At once it was silent. The complete opposite of the big stores were the markets. There the real life took place. Everybody shouted and tried to debate the prices of the things they traded or wanted to buy, adults talked to friends, children cried and dogs barked.
For dinner, we went to an ordinary Indian restaurant. There the volume was like in Germany and so it was possible to have a conversation at last!
In the evening ,we had the chance to enjoy a traditional Indian dance by very famous dancers. That was another typical characteristic of India! Everywhere you can hear sounds and Indians on their mobiles, so we were a little bit annoyed because of the terrible noise in the background.
During our journey through south India, we visited a lot of different places where we noticed different levels of volume in more or less each city. So when we went to Madurai, our guide explained that the name of the city means ?The city which never sleeps?. In the night we realized that this rendering was perfectly true. It was difficult to sleep because the noise from the streets and inside the hotel was very loud.
We also visited a lot of temples. If you compare Indian temples with German churches there is one big difference: In Germany, there is a prayerful silence, but in India everyone is praying in a rather loud way: priests are shouting and you can also find salesmen among the temple visitors. Actually the whole life takes place in the temples. Only if there is a power blackout nearly everything goes silent and even Indians take a break. The power cuts we experienced were a great relief from the everlasting noise. So we can just hope for the Indian people to have more power blackouts!
Sometimes you can also have a little bit of relaxation!